RSS

Tag Archives: CEO

Scaling Enterprise Software Companies is Harder than Ever

Girls can do anything!

There is a common misconception within the startup community that building companies is easier than ever. Part of the argument is the amazingly cheap costs of infrastructure available with cloud infrastructures such as AWS or Google Cloud, the relatively easy access to early stage capital as well as the free distribution and commercialization channels available to any company. More importantly, this argument has been fueled by some large exits recently experienced by small companies such as Instagram or Whatsapp in the consumer space.

When we think about this argument, we can is about 75% true. If we divide the process of building a company between early stage (building) and late stage (scaling) and then we segment that universe between consumer and enterprise solutions. We can arrive to the following conclusions:

  • Starting a consumer software company is easier than ever before
  • Starting an enterprise software company is easier than ever before
  • Scaling a consumer company is easier than ever before
  • Scaling an enterprise software company is HARDER than ever before

scaling

To illustrate this thesis let’s take a look at the latest round of IPOs in the enterprise software space. Recent analysis showed some outstanding metrics about the new wave of enterprise software companies:

  • Average time from starting to IPO:5 years
  • Average amount of capital raised: $110M
  • Average number of employees: >560
  • Average number of sales and marketing employees: >180
  • Average revenue: $70M

As you can see, those metrics describe the difficult and challenging process of scaling an enterprise software company which highly contrast with the cheaper and easier way to get it off the ground. Without getting into a detailed analysis of the factors that contribute to this phenomenon, we can list a few usual suspects:

Markets are Bigger

The size of the enterprise software markets have drastically expanded over the last few years. As a consequence, companies need to capture a bigger size of the market to be relevant on any particular space which results in a harder endeavor compared to the equivalent task a few years ago.

Markets are Global

Today, enterprise software is a global business. The commoditization and globalization of distribution channels as well as the flexible global trading laws, have allowed customers in emerging economies to have access to the same enterprise software solutions than their peers in first world economies. As a consequence, every scalable enterprise software companies is faced with the challenge of acquiring customers in emerging markets which results in large sales and marketing operations.

Requirements are More Complex

With the evolution of enterprise software comes the complexity on the requirements of new solutions. As businesses have evolved they have faced more complex business dynamics that are rarely addressed by default in enterprise software packages. In order to acquire those types of customers, enterprise software companies need to spend more and more time and resources providing the right levels of customizations of their solutions.

Markets are More Competitive

Because starting an enterprise software company is relatively easy, you find a lot of early stage (post-seed, pre-Series A) companies in any segment of the market. As a result, competition is constantly intense which requires companies to deploy the right level of resources to stay competitive. Additionally, newcomers in the space always lower the price and try to simplify the customer acquisition model which poses new challenges for companies in growth mode.

I hope some of the factors below make sense. The enterprise software space is more exciting than ever but, as mentioned before, I often think there is a strong misconception about efforts that take to fully scale a modern enterprise software business. Reading this, you have to ask yourself: are you sure you don’t want to build a messaging application? ;)

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on September 2, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , ,

Startup Lessons: Selecting the Right Tools and Processes

toolsSince the early days of KidoZen, I’ve been obsessing about using really different an innovative tools to improve the productivity of the team. With our rapid growth, we continuously revisit and sometime restructure some of the tools and processes we are using to improve the communication and efficiency of the different groups at KidoZen. Considering how difficult is to model the right productivity processes and selecting the right tools in fast growing startups, I’ve been surprised about how little has been written about the subject. In that sense, I’ve decided to write a series of blog post about our experiences and current practices. In a fast growing environment, if the management team does not devote the time to innovative on the internal processes and productivity tools, it’s very easy to follow well-established practices and adopt well-established solutions like Salesforce.com, Office365, Marketo, etc. Even though those tools are best in class in their categories, they are built on traditional business processes which, sometimes, are not the best fit in a fast growing environment. Since the very beginning, we really wanted KidoZen to operate differently and innovative in our internal processes and communication structures. In that sense, we carefully looked at all the new vendors which were innovating the in the productivity space and went through the effort of evaluate their capabilities against our internal processes. Below you can find the different categories of tools we have implemented internally. I will be publishing individual posts about each specific category.

Document Repository: Internal portal to store and collaborate in corporate documents.

  •   We started with: Google Docs,
  •   We are currently using: Google Docs

Voice-Video Communication: Video conferencing platform for internal communication

  • We started with: Skype
  • We are currently using: Google Hangouts

Web Meetings: Platforms to host web meetings with partners, clients, etc

  • We started with: GoToMeeting + GoToWebinar
  • We are currently using: GoToMeeting + GoToWebinar

Internal Communication: Platform for internal communication between groups of employees, share news, etc

  • We started with: Nothing
  • We are currently using: Slack

Task Management: Platform for managing and tracking short-term tasks across the different teams

  • We started with: Asana
  • We are currently using: Trello

CRM: Systems to manage you current leads, accounts, etc

  • We started with: Salesforce.com
  • We are currently using: Insightly

Marketing Automation: Platform to manage leads, campaigns, etc

  • We started with: Nothing
  • We are currently using: ActOn

Relationship Management: Platform to manage the communication with your partners and related contacts

  • We started with: Nothing
  • We are currently using: RelateIQ

Email Marketing: Systems to author and manage email marketing campaigns

  • We started with : Constant Contact
  • We are currently using: ActOn

Internal Integration: Platform to integrate data across different systems

  • We started with: Nothing
  • We are currently using: Zapier

I hope this helps, the next few blog posts will go in details about our selection criteria and the specific capabilities we are leveraging on each one of these systems. Please provide feedback if there are other categories that we you would be interested on learning more about.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on July 22, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , , ,

PR Lessons: The Difference Between Good and Great

Image

These days our marketing team is going through the effort of selecting a new partner for our public relations(PR) and brand building efforts at KidoZen. This selection process comes after a failed attempt to work with a different PR agency which, despite their best efforts, turned out not to be the best fit for our current needs.

After being incredibly frustrated with the experience with our former PR partner, I shared my thoughts with a few of my advisors and they almost laugh at me explaining that my frustration was just a symptom of not knowing how difficult is to find the right PR partner for your company. It’s absolutely true, the KidoZen marketing team has decades of experience in PR and still managed to select the wrong firm for our current goals.

With this experience I learned a very fundamental lesson that could be valuable for every startup CEO: when comes to PR, you quickly learn the difference between good and great. Below I summarized some of my thoughts that, hopefully, will be helpful when working with PR partners

Different Stages, Different PR Needs

When selecting a PR firm, it is very important to clearly understand in details your current PR needs. The stage of your company is one of the fundamental elements that needs to be considered when working with a PR partner. While a mature company might have the need to increase its visibility in the public markets media outlets and specific types of investors, a smaller startup has completely different needs.

In Early Stages, Small PR Firms Might Be Better

There are many exceptions to this rule but, in my experience, I’ve found that smaller PR firms might often result in better partners for startups during their series A-B timeframe. Boutique PR agencies have the flexibility of growing with your company and can devote the right level of attention to your team to understand their PR needs.

Find Someone Who Understands Your Space

This is a tricky one. Every other PR agency, will do their due diligence in order to appear knowledgeable in the space but that doesn’t mean they are true experts. Deep knowledge, experience and connections in your current space are key in order to be a solid PR partner. When going through your selection process, push your potential partners in terms of understanding of the new trends in your space, your competitors, acquisition patterns, VCs investing in the space etc.

Good PR is not Cheap

Might sound obvious but I was a bit surprised of how expensive good PR agencies can be. While, as a startup, you need to remain very cost-conscious, it is important to realize that good PR work is going to require a significant investment on your side.

Connections Matters

When selecting a PR agency, look for someone who is really connected in the space. Connections are extremely important because, more often than not, your PR partner will have to call favors in order to increase the visibility of your company.

You Need an Internal Marketing Team

As engaging in PR efforts, don’t attempt to manage your external PR partner. It will drive you insane. It is important that your internal marketing team owns the relationship and manages the communication channel between your team and your PR partner. At the end, a good PR partner will grow with your company and it is key to have dedicated resources focused on nurturing that relationship.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 24, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , ,

How to Run a Board Meeting: The Slide Deck

A few weeks ago, I blogged about my first board meeting as a CEO of a venture backed company. The response to the blog post was great and I received a few emails asking me to share more details. In that sense, I decided to put together a template of the slide deck I am using during board meetings.

The purpose of the board package slide deck is to provide a clear summary of the current state of the company including the major milestones achieved and challenges faced since the previous board meeting. CEOs should use the slide deck as the main vehicle to drive the discussions during the board meeting and it should be structured in a way that prevents unnecessary discussions that might derail from the main goals of the board meeting. In order to present the current state of the company, CEOs should give clear metrics about the main areas of the business: finances, sales, business development, product, team, marketing, etc.

While preparing for my first board meeting, I looked at different recommendations to structure the slide deck but, at the end, decided to create a specific structure that work for our investors. Even the slide deck template before might result as a good reference, I suggest you do the same and try to find the flow and structure that works for your company.

I hope this helps. Let me know your feedback.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 20, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , , ,

My First Board Meeting as CEO

board-meetingLast week I ran my first board meeting as CEO of a venture backed company. Among other things, that’s the reason why I haven’t been actively blogging in this space as the preparations for the board meeting took a considerable part of my time.

Even though I sit at the board of a few other companies and have a good experience participating in board meetings, I didn’t anticipate the intensity that takes running a board meeting as a startup CEO. In that sense, I think the experience broaden my perspective of the value that a board can play in an early stage startup and, hopefully, that will make me a better board member. In any case, I thought I’d summarize some of the lessons I learned while preparing for this board meeting.

Overprepare

I couldn’t stress this enough. As a CEO, it’s your duty to your board to be super-prepared for the board meeting. In my case, I found myself working the entire weekend putting together the board package and obsessing about every little detail. At the end, I ended putting together more than 200 pages of documentation but I think our board members got a very in-depth view of the KidoZen strategy and they were able o be very productive during the board meeting.

Deliver the Board Package a Few Days in Advance

If you have the opportunity, deliver the board package a few days in advance so that your board members have the time to review it. Even though this is a pain, understand that your board members don’t have your same level of understanding of your strategies and having the time to review of board package in advance will make them more productive during the meeting.

In my case, I didn’t have the opportunity to deliver the package with so many days in advance but, instead, we printed the entire 200 pages of documentations and delivered to each board member so it will make it easily for them to read when they were offline.

Focus on Making the Board Meeting Productive

Most board meeting are a complete waste of time. If you are not well prepared, you can find yourself getting stuck in unproductive discussions that won’t add any value to your company. Additionally, keep in mind that some of your board members can be really disruptive during the meeting. To mitigate that, you need to have a super detailed agenda and be extremely clear about your goals for the board meeting and relentlessly trying to control the agenda even if it means being strong with your board members.

Financials Matter

Presenting an accurate picture of the state of the company is a super important part of the board package. In that sense, presenting detailed information about the financials and other key performance indicators is super important to help your board members get a good understanding of the state of the company and identify the areas on which they can be helpful.

Be Honest, Disclose your Challenges and Failures

No CEO likes talking about their failures and current challenges. However, it’s important to realize that your board members are co-owners of your company and it’s their job to help you and advice with those challenges. In my case, I have a included a “Challenges Slide” in every single section of the presentation such as business development or sales to highlight the areas on which we could use a lot of help.

Have Clear Goals and Resolutions that Need to Be Approved

Resolutions are an important part of the board meeting and one on which you can end up spending way too much time. I believe it’s a good practice to highlight the resolution that will require voting in advance so that your board members can be prepared to have an intelligent discussion about it.

Have your Legal Counsel Present During the Meeting

Not a standard practice, but I find it super helpful to have your legal counsel present in the meeting to draft the minutes and assist with any legal matters. Most top-tier firms will offer you a good rate for those services event more if thy are really invested in your company. In our case, our legal counsel assigned one of his associates to participate full time in the meeting and they were extremely helpful in several discussions.

I hope this helps, I will have a follow up post about the board package soon.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on January 29, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Back To Work: About New Year’s Resolutions

nyeThe entire KidoZen team is back at work this week and I never seen this level of excitement. Obviously, we ended the year with a very good momentum and have super ambitious and really exciting plans for 2014. Like most people, I spent part of my holiday break reflecting about 2013 and setting the goals and plans for 2014.

During that time, I was super happy to discover that I hit over 85% of my 2013 goals, had some pleasant successes in areas I didn’t  plan for and I still manage to do a decent  job on the resolutions I didn’t accomplish. While 85% might not seem particularly impressive, my satisfaction comes from knowing that my 2013 goals were super ambitious. At the end, I believe that’s the only way to set goals.

From New Year resolutions to our monthly/weekly plans at KidoZen, I like to evaluate goals based on the following rule:

  • Accomplishing Over 90% of the Goals: Probably our goals are not ambitious enough
  • Accomplishing Between 75% to 90% of the Goals: We are doing well, let’s keep pushing to get close to 90%
  • Accomplishing Under 75% of the Goals: We are doing something wrong, time to reassess.

As always, the key to accomplish goals is to stay really focused, iterate and adapt.

In terms of my New Years Resolution, I have some super ambitious goals both personally, for my family and I can’t not even tell you about some of the crazy goals we are trying to accomplish with KidoZen. It should be fun ;)

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on January 6, 2014 in entrepreneurship, leadership, startups

 

Tags: , , , , ,

Enterprise Software Lessons: Selling Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up

ABCEnterprise software sales are always a difficult task for a startup and something that is fundamentally different from the consumer market. Traditionally, enterprise software sales developed a reputation for being a long and bureaucratic process. However, recent technology movements such as the consumerization of IT, the popularity of open source technologies or the emergence of mobile devices have opened new avenues for products to get into the enterprise.

When thinking about selling to enterprises, there are two main models that will dictate the core of your strategy.

  • Top-Down Sales: Some products get sold directly to a decision maker like a Chief Information Officer(CIO) or Chief Marketing Officer(CMO).
  • Bottom-Up Sales: As an alternative to the top-down sales model, some technologies have the capability of getting adopted within enterprises by non-decision-makers such as developers or information workers before they make all the way to a decision maker.

While the top-down approach have been the cornerstone of enterprise software sales for decades, bottom-up models are a result of the new movements such as the consumerizaiton or IT or the democratization of software. As any new and evolutionary model, it’s very tempting for startups to try to embrace a bottom-up sales model. However, it’s important to realize that both models have very well defined strengths and weaknesses and, more importantly, they have a profound impact in the structure of your sales organization.

Top-Down Sales

This model is great for generating revenue from every single customer. Additionally, a top-down sales model is essential to land large deals that need that become strategic to your customer.

The top-down sales approach typically comes at the cost of longer sales cycles that require a well-established sales force. Additionally, achieving relevant market share with this model is extremely resource intensive as your sales force needs to be involved in every deal.

Bottom-Up Sales

The bottom-up model is great for achieving volume and spread your footprint within a wide customer base. This model does not typically require a large sales force and guarantees that your sales executives only get involved with a prospect after they have evaluated the product and are truly interested.

While achieving customer volume is great, the bottom-up sales model does not necessary conduct to revenue and might put you in a situation of supporting thousands of non-paying customers. The tech startup scene is full with stories of companies that were able to attract a massive number of non-paying customers before going out of business. More importantly, embracing a bottom-up approach requires a level of scalability that can become resource intensive for any startup.

Top-Down Does Not Mean Free

When embracing a bottom-up sales model, it’s important to realize that the model doesn’t necessarily require to offer a free entry point to the product (fermium). While fermium models makes a lot of sense as a top-down approach, there are plenty of scenarios on which enterprise software startups can charge a small nominal fee as a starting point.

Deciding whether to adopt a top-down or bottom-up sales model is essential to structure your sales organizations and customer acquisition processes. For some products, top-down and bottom-up approaches are mutually exclusive. However, technologies like Box, AWS, MongoDB have proven that you can effectively developed both sales models achieving large market share while also acquitting paying customers.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 23, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

Tags: , , , , ,

 
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 55 other followers